Cooperation of Peter I and N. Witsen in Positioning Fortifications of the Time of the First and Second Azov Campaigns (To the 350th Anniversary of the Birth of Peter the Great)

Number of journal: 8-2022

Panukhin P.V.

УДК: 72.03


AbstractAbout AuthorsReferences
The topic related to the domestic positioning of the space of the Azov-Black Sea region, which is especially relevant in modern conditions, was touched upon. The author traces the principles of the development of the territories of Russia’s access to the South seas, as well as the principles of the construction of fortifications of the Azov fortress in historical retrospect in the context of cooperation between Emperor Peter I and the Dutch scientist N. Witsen, who was also an outstanding politician, a famous Dutch diplomat, his name was widely known in Europe in the late XVII – early XVIII centuries. In Russian history, Witsen is known as an associate and friend of Peter I, who supports his idea of “Russia from the Baltic to the Crimea.” Witsen was an extremely talented, versatile and energetic person who was engaged not only in politics and diplomacy, but also in many sciences – from philosophy to ship engineering, as well as cartography. The author of the article relies on Witsen’s diary – a unique document that describes important historical events of this period: traditions, manners and customs of both the royal court and the life of ordinary people. Witsen gives a detailed description of the peculiarities of life and traditions of the Russian and other peoples who lived on the Russian territory. The information provided by Witsen gives a very accurate chronology related to the life of Peter the Great, which was subsequently confirmed by court records. The article is dedicated to the 350th anniversary of the birth of Peter I.
P.V. PANUKHIN, Candidate of Architecture (Engineering)

Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy of Architecture) – MARKHI (11, Rozhdestvenka Street, Moscow, 107031, Russian Federation)

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For citation: Panukhin P.V. Cooperation of Peter I and N. Witsen in positioning fortifications of the time of the First and Second Azov campaigns (To the 350th anniversary of the birth of Peter the Great). Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2022. No. 8, pp. 3–10. (In Russian). DOI:

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